Drinking Water Source Protection Plan

What is drinking water source protection?

Drinking water source protection is a means by which a public water system supplier can actively protect its valuable drinking water resources and the capital investment used to develop these water resources.  Source water protection for public water systems using groundwater is referred to as wellhead protection.

Wellhead Protection

Wellhead protection aims at preventing contamination in and around the area of a public water supply well field, thereby reducing the likelihood that a well field will become contaminated.  Wellhead protection also provides mechanisms for the detection of and response to any contamination should that occur.

Springfield’s Drinking Water Source Protection Plan

Springfield’s plan provides information on how the City’s drinking water will be protected against potential contaminants to ensure safe drinking water.  The original plan was completed by Ohio EPA in 1990 and is continually revised with updated contact information.  The plan is structured in accordance with US EPA and Ohio EPA requirements.  Major elements of the plan include:

  • Public Education and Outreach
  • Drinking Water Shortage and Emergency Response
    • Identifies short- and long-term alternative sources for drinking water
    • Emergency response procedures should a hazardous materials incident occur int he source water protection area
  • Potential Contaminant Source Control Strategies
    • All potential contaminant sources within the 1-Year and 5-Year TOT zones
    • Control measures taken to prevent or eliminate the possibility of contact with the aquifer
  • Groundwater Monitoring
    • How monitoring will be performed
    • Locations of monitoring wells


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